Is It Possible For Scars To Be Removed From The Face?

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scar removalYour skin is the largest organ in your body. It seamlessly protects your body from invasion and damage by environmental factors and accidents such as bumps or burns. Undamaged skin is smooth and flawless, but one small tear in the fabric of the skin can change the way it looks. Once penetrated, the skin will attempt to heal the damage as best it can, but sometimes the trauma is so severe that the healing process will leave a scar.

Scars can never be entirely erased from the skin, however, there are a number of ways to reduce the size and appearance of scars to make them less noticeable.

Scars are a natural consequence of the healing process that takes place after injury. How to treat scarred tissue depends on several factors, such as the size and depth of the injury, as well as its location. Other things that have a bearing on the type of treatment used for scarring include age, gender, ethnicity and genetics.

The following treatments are used to treat scarring caused by acne:

Laser resurfacing

Laser technology is used to remove the top layer of the damaged skin, and to tighten the middle layer, smoothing the skin surface. Depending on the severity of the scarring, the procedure will last anything from a few minutes, up to an hour. A local anesthetic applied to the skin before starting the procedure will lessen the pain. Complete healing can take anything from 3 to 10 days.

Dermabrasion

The skin is ‘sanded’ by applying a fine rotating brush, or a diamond, spinning instrument, to the top layer of skin tissue, scraping the surface of the skin off. When the skin has healed, a new and smoother layer will be visible to replace the damaged skin. It takes longer for the skin to heal after Dermabrasion than it does for skin resurfacing and the skin tissue can take anything from 10 days to 3 weeks to heal completely.

Fractional Laser Therapy

Laser therapy penetrates to a deeper level of the skin than Dermabrasion or laser resurfacing. Because there is no trauma to the epidermis (top layer) of the skin tissue, the skin will heal faster and may just look sunburned for a few days.
In the case of rolling scars, a dermatologist will inject a type of material into the tissue to raise the level of the surface.

Surgery

For deep, indented scarring, it may be necessary to revert to surgery as the only solution. Types of surgery include skin grafts, laser surgery, excision and dermabrasion under anesthetic. Skin grafts are used for burn cases where skin from another part of the body is transplanted over a large part of damaged skin. This not only covers the gaping wound, but also encourages new skin growth to take place. For severe injuries that impair normal function, surgery is the only way to address the damage.

TYPES OF ACNE

Different types of acne can cause different types of scarring. It helps to know what the different kinds of acne are so that the best treatment is applied for acne scars. Pimples that cause acne appear when the hair follicle becomes clogged with dead skin cells and oil. When a bacterial infection sets in, the result is red bumps,which can become puss filled, known as pimples. Different types of acne are:

  •  Mild acne ‘ the appearance of whiteheads or blackheads that eventually fade and don’t leave scars.
  •  Moderate acne ‘ pimples form which become red and inflamed, called papules, or with white centres, called pustules.
  • Severe acne ‘ nodules that are painful, puss-filled, lumps or cysts form under the skin. Serious scarring is caused by more severe types of acne, with nodules, which leave permanent scarring.

To prevent severe scarring, acne should be treated as soon as it appears by a professional dermatologist. These incude rolling scars, which are scars having a gradual depression or dip; and deep narrow scars.

Types of scars:

  •  Keloid Scars occur in certain skin types with overly aggressive healing systems, which extend beyond the normal boundaries of the injury. During the healing process excessive scar tissue is formed which causes a welt to form over the scar. When a keloid scar is particularly severe, it may hamper movement and further surgery may be required to remove the excess scar tissue, flatten it with silicone sheets, or minimize it with steroid injections.
  •  Contracture scars occur when the skin has been damaged by burns. Contracture scars will tighten the surface of the skin, making it difficult to move, or affect the deeper muscles and nerves.
  •  Hypertrophic scars are red, raised scars, similar in appearance to keloid scars, but not beyond the extent of the injury. Silicone sheets are used to flatten these scars, and steroid injections given to reduce inflammation.
  • Acne scars can be severe enough to have deep pitted scars and are rectlangular or wavelike in their appearance.
  •  Cosmetic scars caused by plastic surgery may need further surgery as keloids can develop, or prescription medication to deal with scar tissue resulting from the operation.

Other scar treatments include over-the-counter creams, gels or ointments. Prescription medication for cuts and wounds incude steroids and antihistamine creams. Pressure treatment and silicone gel sheets can help treat and prevent further scarring. Collagen injections used as fillers for certain types of deep pitted scars can be a temporary solution, but will have to be repeated.

Even though skin scars are permanent, their appearance can be lessened and redness faded to improve the overall appearance of the skin.

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