Medical Procedures to Remove Scars

The decision of whether to remove scars should not be made lightly. Many procedures that exist can be expensive, time consuming, and involve a lengthy recovery time. Also, scars are able to fade over time. Scarring from burns or surgery can be discolored, making them extremely noticeable. But the color may fade, especially if you use any type of scar treatment to speed up the recovery time. So, before you schedule any procedure, talk with a dermatologist to discuss the options that are available for you to remove scars affecting your skin.

Although severe scarring may not heed to natural or over-the-counter products, it may be worth trying a less abrasive method for a few months to see if you notice a difference in your scars. Creams, oils, a healthy diet, and moisturizers may lessen the appearance of scars, but it’s impossible to remove scars completely through these methods. There are many ways to return a scar to a natural skin color, reduce the size, and smooth the skin, but scars mark significant and permanent damage that the skin has experienced.

Injection treatments to remove scars

There are two ways to use injections to remove scars. The first is through steroid injections which are best suited for scars that are raised above the skin, such as hypertrophic scarring. These types of scars are elevated above the skin’s surface and are produced when your body sends too much collagen to the site of the wound during the healing process, which can result in lumpy, misshapen scarring. In order to remove scars like this, steroids are injected into the scar in order to reduce the size of the scar. The steroids are not absorbed by the bloodstream, so this procedure is relatively safe. Typically, more than one treatment is needed to remove scars, and there is no recovery time. Side effects may include allergic reactions, dilated blood vessels, and bruising.

Collagen injections or augmentation techniques are designed to remove scars by raising the level of scarring when the tissue is sunken or lower than the rest of the skin’s surface. Bovine collagen, silicone, or fat is injected under the scar to raise the tissue. After an injection, patients must limit facial movement for up to 24 hours, and side effects may include bruising, infection, pain, hypertrophic scarring, and hypersensitivity.

Skin needling techniques are similar to collagen injections to remove scars. A needle is punctures the skin at a predetermined depth, introducing trauma to the area. The skin heals itself by sending collagen to the area. Patients recover in two to three days, and side effects include redness, swelling, and temporary fluid retention under the surface skin.

Remove scars with surgery

Surgery can be the most effective way to completely remove scars, but it can be painful with long-lasting side effects and a long-term recovery period. Punch techniques are surgical procedures that can remove, raise, or replace tissue. Punch excision use sutures to surgically remove scars, while punch grafting takes healthy skin from a different place on the body to use as a replacement for the scarred skin. Punch grafting is best suited for deep scarring. And finally, the punch elevation technique involves detaching the center of the scar from the bottom tissue. Rather than removing the center piece, new tissue raises the existing center of the scar to the surrounding skin level. This method is often used to surgically remove scars of boxcar scarring. Punching techniques require up to eight weeks of recovery time, and side effects can include bruising, scabbing, the formation of keloid scars, and new scarring where grafting or excision has taken place.

Subcision is the removal of the scar from the tissue beneath it, which leaves an area that is filled with blood. The blood clots and produces new tissue under the scar, raising the scar and leveling the area with surface skin. The site where the blood pools may need to be drained, and results were better when suction was used following the procedure. Dermabrasion is often used with subcision to remove scars and help larger scarring areas become smooth and even. Recovery time includes bruising within two weeks, and side effects include discoloration and the possibility of hypertrophic scarring.

Although surgery is in the name, cryosurgery is not invasive at all. It is a very similar technique to having a small, benign mole removed. To remove scars, liquid nitrogen is sprayed onto the area and left for a few seconds up to a couple of minutes. Once the scar is frozen, damaging and killing the tissue, the raised scar is shed or cut off. Healing to the area can take up to four weeks, and side effects could include swelling, pain, redness, and blistering.

Topical treatments to remove scars

There are thousands of products that you can put on your skin, some that promise miracles and others that get results because they are abrasive. However you remove scars, you should do so safely.

Medicated creams and topical creams sold in stores can lessen discoloration of scars and reduce the size of scars. This can help greatly in minimizing the scars’ appearances, and topical products are a cost-efficient alternative to remove scars. However, these products must be applied long-term and can take anywhere from three to six months for improvements to be seen.

Chemical peels are a popular topical way to remove scars. Light peels are meant for exfoliation purposes, and medium chemical peels may remove light scarring or lessen the appearance of light scarring. But for severe scars, deep chemical peels are more effective. Chemical peels use acids to remove layers of skin, and deep chemical peels contain phenol or tricolor acetic acid which removes several layers of skin. New skin grows to take the place of the damaged skin, and scarring can be controlled for less noticeable damage. Those who undergo deep chemical peels to remove scars are put under anesthesia and their vital signs are closely monitored. After the procedure, the skin can peel for up to seven days, and the patient must stay out of the sun for several months. Side effects of a deep peel include irritation, redness, skin discoloration, and photosensitivity.




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